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Title::Fauna - snakes
Date of Issue:05.09.2018.
Author:Nebojsa Djumic
Type edition:commemorative
Printing techniques:multicolour offset
Paper:muflep 100g
Printing House:Forum, Novi Sad


Motive:Eskulap's snake, Adder, river snake, European viper
Catalogue no.:770, 771, 772, 773
Perforation:13 3/4
Face value:6,80 BAM
Quantity:15 000

Smuk, Eskulap's snake, white (now Zamenis longissimus, earlier Elaphe longissima) is a non-poisonous snake from the Colubridae family of the same name. The body of smuk is lean and long, the head is narrow, and the apple of the eyes are round. This snake usually has a length of 140 to 180 cm. Males are slightly longer than females. Upper side of the body is monochrome greyish to dark gray, greyish-greenish or brownish. The lower side of the body is whitish. The last puffy and granular shells on head are also brighter. Smuk was also known to the Old Greeks, so it became an integral part of the symbol medicine, or a stick of the Greek god of medicine and treatment, Asklepija (lat. Eskulap), by which the smuk was called the Eskulap's snake.

Adder (lat. Viper Berus) is a snake called Vipera poison, very much widespread in the world. The poison is injected with a bite, through a tooth of a toxic tooth. The poison works slowly and is not particularly strong, but it can also kill a man. Body the slope is lean and long, the head is narrow, and the pupils are round. Adder is stiff and slow, very short tail, oval and flathead, which is clearly separated from the hull. Males, which are smaller than females, have a gray color, while females reddish-brown. Both along the back have a dark, twisted track with dark spots on the hips. The bruise is white to black dots, and the bottom of the tail from yellow to red. Compared to its relatives, adders are rarely a threat to humans, but they are for small animals currently deadly. Adder is fed to lizards, frogs, small mammals, sometimes with birds and young birds as well as bird eggs.

A fisherman or a river snake (lat. Natrix tessellata) is a type of non-poisonous snake from the family of smuk (Colubridae). Unlike whites who are related, there is no stain in the back of the head. Her head is usually triangulated and elongated. The upper side of her body is light brown or olive-green with dark square edges. It reaches a size of up to one meter. He lives most often in high-current running water. It also finds food - small fish. It is widespread in Central Europe and the Balkan Peninsula.

The European viper (lat. Vipera ammodytes) is a type of snake from the corpse family. The average length of the viper is 50-70 cm. Dimorphism is expressed which is distinguished by the size of the individual. Unique characteristics of viper, according to which easily recognizable, is a "horn" on the front of the head, built of 9-12 tiles organized in 2 (or 4) rows. The European viper is our most poisonous snake. The poison contains substances that cause necrosis of the tissue and destroy blood plaque platelets that can result in bleeding in the internal organs.

Author: Nebojsa Djumic

Publisher: Poste Srpske a.d. Banjaluka

Cooperation: Tatjana Borenovic, BA in Biology

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